20th UN Climate Change Conference in Lima

November 22, 2014

European Parliamentary Research Service Blog

Written by Gregor Erbach

The upcoming UN climate conference in Lima (COP20, 1-12 December 2014) will be an important milestone in the negotiations towards a new global climate agreement. Its outcome should be a draft negotiating text for the new agreement, due to be finalised in December 2015 in Paris.

Background: climate agreements from Kyoto to Paris

To keep global warming below a rise of 2 degrees Celsius, worldwide carbon emissions must be cut by 40 to 70% between 2010 and 2050, and become zero or negative by the year 2100, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This requires efforts in all regions of the world. Since 2000, Europe has reduced its carbon emissions by almost 10% but global emissions have risen by 36% in the same period.

A global effort to tackle climate change was launched in 1992 with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate…

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